Knox v. Irving Forest Products, Inc.

Insurance Company

Liberty Mutual Insurance Co.

Date Decided

November 22, 2019

Panel Members

Elizabeth Elwin

Sue Jerome

Evelyn Knopf


Gradual Injury


Gradual Injury Back Hip Notice

File Size

124 KB


Summary from the Troubh Heisler Attorneys

Ms. Knox’s job required her to grab and stack boards, “repetitively and significantly loading her right hip and low back.” In February 2015 she had hip pain that she related to her work, but she did not get medical treatment or miss work until July 22, 2015. She claimed an injury on July 22, 2015, her last day of work, and she requested payment of medical and indemnity benefits. Irving denied her claim based on late notice.

Judge Goodnough granted her petitions, finding that her date of injury was July 22, 2015, and that she gave notice then, so it was timely. He found that the gradual injury did not “manifest itself in a significant manner” until she left work, and that her pain did not “rise to a level of a compensable injury” until then. Irving appealed on the date of injury and notice. The Appellate division panel vacated Judge Goodnough’s decision and remanded the case to determine the date the gradual injury manifested itself (not “significantly”) and the date her notice obligation arose (not when it became “compensable”).

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